Central Visayas

Central Visayas

Central Visayas, designated as Region VII, is a region of the Philippines located in the central part of the Visayas island group. It consists of four provinces—Bohol, Cebu, Negros Oriental, and Siquijor— and the highly urbanized cities of Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu City, and Mandaue City. The region is dominated by the native speakers of Cebuano. Cebu City is its regional center.
The land area of the region is 15,875 km². As of the 2007 census, it has a population of 6,398,628, making it the 5th most populous of the country’s 17 regions.

Component cities

  • Bais City, Negros Oriental
  • Bayawan City, Negros Oriental
  • Canlaon City, Negros Oriental
  • Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental
  • Guihulngan City, Negros Oriental
  • Tanjay City, Negros Oriental
  • Bogo City, Cebu
  • Carcar City, Cebu
  • Danao City, Cebu
  • Naga City, Cebu
  • Talisay City, Cebu
  • Toledo City, Cebu
  • Tagbilaran City, Bohol


As of the 2007 census, Central Visayas had a population of 6,398,628, making it the 5th most populous of the country’s 17 regions. The population density was 403.1 people per square kilometer (6,129.4/mi²). The census showed an average annual population growth rate of 1.59% from 2000 to 2007, significantly less than the national average of 2.04%.

Cebuano is the dominant language of the region. Boholano is a dialectal variant of Cebuano spoken in Bohol. In the Camotes Islands, which is part of Cebu, Cebuano language is spoken in the towns of Tudela, Pilar and San Francisco. Except the town of Poro, in which, Porohanon is spoken (a variation or mixture of Cebuano, Hiligaynon (Ilonggo) and Masbateño language, with 87% Cebuano vocabulary). Tagalog, English and Spanish are also spoken in this region.


Cebu City is the main media hub for both the region and the island of Visayas. It is the home to many media outlets for both the million-nighttime and the 4-million daytime population of the city. Large media networks such as ABS-CBN Broadcasting Network, GMA Network, Inc., TV5, National Broadcasting Network, and RPN9 maintain their respective local stations and branches for viewership, commercial and news coverage purposes. Most of these stations broadcast local news and public affairs as well as entertainment and dramas to cater the local viewers.

Cable television operators are putting up cable TV stations in an effort to spread the TV signals all over the region. They also offer free worldwide array of television stations for various channels for news, sports, drama, cartoons, and advertisements.
Aside from the 24 national daily newspapers available, Cebu City also has 20 local newspapers. Among the widely-read are the Sun Star Cebu. The country’s main Islamic news journal, The Voice of Islam, was founded in 1961 and published in this city.